Statement Describing the Challenge
A callus develops in on the skin when extra friction is placed on a particular area. The most common area of occurrence is the foot. The body responds to this pressure by thickening the surface layers of the skin. This is a defense mechanism to protect the underlying tissues. Calluses are very common. If the pressure becomes more concentrated in a small area, a corn may develop which is usually situated in the wider area of a callus. Corns are small localized areas of hardened skin which are often characterized by their dry or waxy appearance. Corns and Calluses are both common. They are not serious. They rarely have long term or irreversible effects. Often they are caused by ill-fitted shoes. Bone structure may also be a cause. Skin type may be a factor for higher risk.
Treatment for painful corns and calluses normally involves removing the pressure or cause of friction, which gives it time to heal and prevents the problem from recurring. A podiatrist may remove some of the hardened skin or remove the corn altogether. Different shoes may be recommended. If there is an issue with bone structure, a special fitted insole pad, or additional cushioning for the shoe may be recommended in order to relive the pressure. If there are corns or calluses between the toes, special silicon wedges are sometimes used to redistribute pressure.
Alternative Medicine Treatments
There is very little use of drug therapy when treating calluses and corns, though special creams may be used to rehydrate extra thick skin.