Statement Describing the Challenge

Skin burns are defined as injuries to tissue that result from heat, electricity, radiation or chemicals. Burns are classified into three sub-groups: first degree, second degree, and third degree. First degree burns can be identified by a red, painful sore on the skin. The skin may be slightly swollen and turn white when pressure is applied. These burns heal in about 3-6 days. First degree burns are the least dangerous type of burn. Second degree burns will blister and are very painful. The skin will become substantially swollen. These burns heal in about 2-3 weeks. Third degree burns are the most serious type of burn. All layers of the skin tissue are damaged and often are not very painful due to severe skin damage. Thermal burns are the most common type of burns. Minor burns may only require limited treatment, but emergency medical treatment may be necessary for a more severe burn. Burn prevention includes wearing sunscreen when outdoors, practicing fire safety in the home, and teaching children about safety around hot materials. Being cautious is probably the most effective way to avoid burns.

Non-Drug Treatments

• First remove the body part from the source causing the burn For Minor Burns: • Run cool (but not ice cold) water on minor burns • Cover the burn with a bandage to allow it to heal • Allow the burn to blister. DO Not break the blister For Major Burns: (Calling for Medical Help is Necessary) • Protect the burn area from pressure or friction • Elevate the area above the heart • Monitor vital signs until medical help arrives

Alternative Medicine Treatments

For Minor Burns: (The skin should still be intact) • Aloe gel • Witch Hazel applied to skin • Blackberry to stop secretion

Drug Therapy

• Over the counter pain relievers • Prescriptions from a Medical Professional for a severe burn